Children's development 1

Support the development of children CHCFC301A

This unit is about supporting the physical, social, emotional, psychological, language and creative development of children from 0-12 years of age.



1. Support children's general development.

  1. Encourage each child at their own level of performance
  2. Use language at an appropriate level of complexity and friendliness
  3. Initiate communication with the child relevant to their interests and capabilities
  4. Select appropriate experiences and materials to support all areas of children's development
  5. Demonstrate developmentally appropriate expectations of the child's
  6. Provide culturally appropriate experiences and celebrations, and support culturally appropriate celebrations of special occasions for culturally diverse people.
  7. Interact effectively with children to holistically support development and learning behaviour appropriate to their stage of development
  8. Use behaviour management strategies appropriate to the child's level of understanding
  9. Help children according to their developmental abilities
  10. Foster the development of independence through the kind of help you give
  11. Respect, respond to and follow up communication initiated by children
  12. Provide environments and relationships that are safe for young people
  13. Engage and work with parents/carers and families


2. Support children' physical development.

  1. Use daily routines as opportunities to acquire and practice skills
  2. Provide adequate nutrition that allows for normal growth and development, and foods of increasing texture over time to stimulate speech and jaw development
  3. Give access to equipment, games and toys that will develop fine and gross skills and fundamental movement skills.
  4. manage children's health needs, eating behaviours and physical activity

Gross motor skills are fundamental movement skills including balance, static, locomotion, and manipulative motor skills. These foundation skills are the building blocks for specific movements used sports, games and dance. Examples of fundamental movement skills include jumping, hopping, throwing, kicking, and running. Gross motor skills are those actions that use the muscles of the body to achieve skilfulness.


3. Support the social development of children

  1. Give opportunities for one to one, small group and larger group interaction
  2. Be an example of appropriate communication with children
  3. Acknowledge, value and respect diversity through interactions and provisions

Experiences provided for social interaction need to vary according to the age of the child. For example, the experiences for babies are:

  • Develop trusting relationships with familiar adults
  • Adults work at eye level with infants
  • Adults use care routines for social interaction
  • Adults talk, sing and recite poems
  • Adults listen and respond.


4. Support the emotional and psychological development of children of the same age

  1. Involve children in decision-making where circumstances safely allow
  2. Acknowledge, encourage and appreciate children's efforts
  3. Identify and celebrate children's social, emotional and psychological successes
  4. Give individual attention to each child
  5. Respond to children's feelings openly and with respect
  6. Engage with children to ensure psychological and emotional development experiences are appropriate for their developmental age
  7. Recognize issues of concern related to child's participation in experiences, for emotional and psychological development
  8. According to your role, observe and record children's behaviour or other signs of social, emotional or psychological concerns, and report them to your supervisor


5. Support children's language development

  1. Encourage children to express themselves verbally
  2. Give experiences that expose children to a range of language forms.


6. Support children's creative development

  1. Give children experiences to use a range of senses including vision, hearing and taste
  2. Encourage children to express their imagination and creativity within their play and interactions
  3. Give children experiences that encourage them to explore various methods of self-expression
  4. Make available appropriate resources, material and equipment for children to initiate their own creative activities


7. Support children's cognitive development.

  1. Provide environments and experiences to stimulate cognitive development
  2. Encourage children to explore and problem solve with materials and diverse experiences


8. Other skills

  1. Treat all parents and children equitably, including Indigenous people. Include and accept of all children regardless of their culture, race, gender or ability. This includes working with cultural diversity.
  2. Work effectively with young children within a historical and philosophical framework of child care delivery
  3. Implement effective evidence-based service delivery
  4. Coordinate service delivery to families with an interdisciplinary teamwork approach and where possible collaborative interagency practice
  5. Support infants and toddlers to master key developmental tasks
  6. Observe children to recognize signs of emotional and psychological difficulties, and report and record them.
  7. Identify early emerging trends in child needs and take steps to address them
  8. Reflect on your own practices



Your assessment

You will be assessed in your workplace. Start by taking your assessor on a walk around and show him/her what you do. Your assessor may ask you any questions necessary to understand what you do.

Your supervisor will also be asked to give a reference.


Interview/assignment questions

Your assessor may give you these questions as an assignment. If you are assessed through an interview, then you might want to prepare written notes beforehand. However, they should be used only as a guide and you will not pass the assessment just by reading your notes.

  1. How does the brain change in the early years of life to set pathways for health, learning and behaviour?
  2. How is brain development reflected in early childhood cognition, language and health development?
  3. Write a list of age groups for children aged 0 to 12 years, and describe their development in terms of simple developmental theory
  4. What are the effects of poor early childhood development, for:
    • poor diet
    • lack of play
    • limited stimulation of brain development
    • lack of materials and resources
    • inconsistent or non existent emotional support or comfort
    • trauma
    • other life experiences that interrupt appropriate childhood activities
  5. Poor early childhood development can have social and psychological effects in later life. What are they?
  6. What is the effect of the early years on subsequent educational success?
  7. What are the signs of social, emotional and psychological difficulties in early childhood?
  8. What is your organization's process for observing, recording and reporting issues of concern/difficulty in social, emotional and psychological development of children?
  9. Write list of age groups for children aged 0 to 12 years, and for each age group, describe the fundamental movement skills and associated milestones for physical development.
  10. In children's physical activity, how do fundamental movement skills milestones relate to overall health, well being and development?
  11. How does your organization's quality improvement and accreditation system work?
  12. When children face lots of difficulties and risks, they can have a cumulative effect. Describe the vicious cycle.
  13. What kinds of environment and experiences have positive effects on prenatal and early childhood?
  14. What kinds of environment and experiences have negative effects on prenatal and early childhood?
  15. What kinds of factors help families to rear young children adequately?
  16. What kinds of factors undermine families' ability to rear young children adequately?
  17. What kinds of features of a family's immediate social environment help a family to function well and foster young children's development and well being?
  18. What features and qualities of communities help or hinder families to raise young children adequately?
  19. What core needs do all children and families have in common?
  20. What are the principles of providing inclusive child and family services?
  21. Choose several of your families in exceptional circumstances or with additional needs. Describe their particular backgrounds, experiences and needs.